A $k$-out-of-$n$ Ring Signature with Flexible Participation for Signers

Thu, 08/09/2018 – 12:08
A $k$-out-of-$n$ ring signature is a kind of anonymous signature that can be performed by any member in a group. This signature allows the creation of valid signatures if and only if actual signers more than or equal to $k$ sign the message among $n$ possible signers. In this paper, we present a new $k$-out-of-$n$ ring signature. Our signature has a remarkable property: When the signature is updated from $k$-out-of-$n$ to $(k+\alpha)$-out-of-$n$, the previous signers do not need to sign a message again. Our scheme can “reuse” the old signature, whereas the previous schemes revoke it and create a signature from scratch. We call this property “{{flexibility}}” and formalize it rigorously. Our signature scheme has a multiple ring structure, each ring of which is based on $1$-out-of-$n$ ring signature. The structure of our scheme is completely different from that of conventional schemes, such as a secret-sharing type. The signers’ keys are mostly independent of each user, thanks to a part of keys which use a special hash function. We give the results of provable security for our scheme.